Annabelle Wu- Crystal Meth
  • crystal meth is smoked in glass pipes, similar to how crack cocaine is used.
Short Term Effect:
  • girls take meth to lose weight, however, once it is no longer in use, the user gains the weight back.
  • It improves concentration, energy, and alertness while decreasing appetite and fatigue.
Long Term Effect:
  • people take it for its long lasting high it gives when used.
  • After long uses, the user crashes because of lack of sleep and food.
Health Hazards:
  • brain damage
  • sensation of flesh crawling
  • paranoia, hallucinations, delusions, tension, headache
  • muscle breakdown which can lead to kidney damage or failure
  • death resulting from stroke, cardiac arrest, or increase of body temperature (hyperthermia)
Street Names:
  • batu
  • biker's coffee
  • black beauties
  • blade
  • chalk
  • chicken feed
  • crank
  • cristy
  • crystal
  • crystal glass
  • crystal meth
  • glass
  • go-fast
  • hanyak
  • hiropon
  • hot ice
  • ice
  • kaksonjae
  • LA glass
  • LA ice
  • meth
  • methlies quick
  • pooir man's cocaine
  • quartz
  • shabu
  • shards
  • speed
  • stove top
  • super ice
  • tina
  • trash
  • tweak
  • uppers
  • ventana
  • vidrio
  • yaba
  • yellow bam
Signs and Symptoms of Use:
  • Long-term use lead to malnutrition, skin disorders, ulcers, and diseases resulting from vitamin deficiencies.
  • Regular use results in lack of sleep and weight loss. Users are at risk for serious, life-threatening diseases such as AIDS, lung and heart disease and other cardiovascular diseases.
  • Frequent use results in mental illness, suicide, and violent death.
  • Users have increased self confidence and tend to ignore the reality of personal limitations. Sometimes they have the Superman Syndrome where they try to perform tasks that are impossible for the human body to do.
Current Stats and Trends of Use of 2008:
  • 850,000 Americans age 12 and older had abused crystal meth at least once in the year prior to being surveyed.
  • 1.2% of 8th graders, 1.5% of 10th graders, 1.2% of 12th graders had abused crystal meth at least once in the year prior to being surveyed.
Informative Websites:
http://www.anti-meth.org/
http://www.crystalmeth.org/
http://www.abovetheinfluence.com/
http://www.whitehousedrugpolicy.gov/

Kathryn Hiddleson-Methamphetamines
What is it?
Methamphetamines are highly addictive synthetic chemicals that act as stimulants. It is snorted, injected, smoked, or swallowed. Most of the methamphetamine abused in this country comes from foreign or domestic superlabs, although it can also be made in small, illegal laboratories, where its production endangers the people in the labs, their neighbors, and the environment. Creating a sense of energy, meth can push the body faster and further than it's safe to go. It increases the heart rate, blood pressure, and the risk of stroke.

Short term
Severe "crash" after the effects wear off
violent behavior
hyperthermia (when the body overheats)
increased blood pressure
confusion,
irregular heartbeat
Increased respiration
rapid heart rate

Long term
Anxiety
insomnia
mood disturbances
including paranoia
visual and auditory hallucinations
delusions (for example, the sensation of insects "Meth Bugs" creeping under the skin)

Hazards to the health
Unhealthy weight loss
Severe dental problems
Damage to blood vessels in the brain
Risk for acquiring HIV/AIDS for those that inject the drug
Structural and functional changes in areas of the brain associated with emotion and memory
Liver, kidney, and lung damage, which may cause death
Stroke
Heart attack
Death with the very first use (an overdose of meth can result in heart failure)

Names
Speed, meth, crystal meth, chalk, ice, crystal, chalk, crank, tweak, uppers, black beauties, glass, biker's coffee, methlies quick, poor man's cocaine, chicken feed, shabu, crystal meth, stove top, trash, co-fast, yaba, yellow bam

Statistics
More than 12 million Americans have tried methamphetamine and 1.5 million are regular users
Meth-making operations have been uncovered in all 50 states; Missouri tops the list, with more than 8,000 labs, equipment caches and toxic dumps seized between 2002 and 2004.
Cops nationwide rank methamphetamine the No. 1 drug they battle today: In a recent survey of 500 law-enforcement agencies in 45 states by the National Association of Counties (NACO), 58 percent said meth is their biggest drug problem, compared with only 19 percent for cocaine, 17 percent for pot and 3 percent for heroin.
In (NACO’s) survey of local law enforcement, 70 percent said robberies or burglaries have increased because of meth, as have domestic violence, assaults and identity theft; 40 percent of child-welfare officials reported an increase in out-of-home placements last year due to meth.
The production, transportation, distribution, and abuse of methamphetamine” are the primary drug threat to the Pacific Region
92.3% of law enforcement agencies in the Northwest region report that methamphetamine is the “greatest drug threat” in their jurisdictions.
Methamphetamine has impacted the entire Pacific Region, but Washington has been hardest hit with:
In Washington, there are higher levels of availability of the drug resulting in lower prices than any other state (NDIC, 2005).
Web cites
www.methresources.gov
www.health.state.mn.us/divs/eh/meth/lab/children.html
www.drugfreeinfo.org
www.crystalmeth.org
www.kci.org/


Josh Gehrke
COCAINE
Common Names:
Coke, Snow, Flake, Blow, Ice
Signs and Symptoms of Use:
The user will be happy and energetic and have an increased mental alertness. In addition, the user will have frequent nosebleeds and often be short of breath. If injected, needle tracks are also common on the arms of cocaine users.
Short Term Effects:
Cocaine usually makes the user feel happy and energetic. The drug also increases body temperature, blood pressure, and heart rate. The user can also have hallucinations. In rare cases death can occur on the first use of cocaine or unexpectedly afterward.
Long Term Effects on Body:
With many addicts reporting that they seek but fail to achieve as much pleasure as they did from their first use, they will frequently increase their doses to intensify the drug’s effects. This causes the user to become more sensitive to cocaine’s anesthetic and compulsive effects without increasing the dose taken. These effects can become extreme to the point that which the user can become a danger to themselves and others around them. In addition, their energy and concentration levels can decrease more and more as time goes by. It is also common for the user to develop an inability to smell.
Health Hazards with Use:
Users risk heart attacks, respiratory failure, strokes, and seizers. Smoking the drug destroys the user’s lungs but regardless of how it is used it increases the user’s heart rate to the point at which the lungs have to work harder to supply his body with oxygen.
Current Stats and Trends of Use:
In 2008, 5.3 million Americans age 12 and older had abused cocaine in any form
Web sites to help Inform and Educate Public:
http://www.drugabuse.gov/drugpages/cocaine.html
http://www.justice.gov/dea/concern/cocaine.html

ANDY HELTON
Snuff
Street Names - Butts, Coffin Nails, Fags, Snuff, Chew, Nicotine, Chaw, Stogies, Skag, Gasper, Cig, Smoke, Pill, Dog Turd
Short-Term Effects -
  • Rapid absorption of the stimulant nicotine through the mouth into the bloodstream.
  • Increased heart rate and blood pressure
  • Constricted blood vessels
  • Addiction to nicotine
  • Reduced physical performance and/or productivity
    Long-Term Effects -
    • Tooth Abrasion
    • Gum Recession
    • Increased tooth Decay
    • Tooth Discoloration/Bad Breath
    • Nicotine Dependence
    • Unhealthy Eating Habits
    • Oral Cancer
    • Other cancers
Symptoms
  • * A sore that does not heal
  • * A lump or white patch
  • * A prolonged sore throat
  • * Difficulty in chewing
  • * Restricted movement of the tongue or jaws
  • * A feeling of something in the throat

  • Peyton nielsen- chewing tobacco

  • LONG TERM EFFECTS
  • Erodes Tooth
  • The ingredients of tobacco consist of gravels, sand, and other harmful chemicals that erode the enamel of tooth. Continuous chewing leads to early loss of tooth.
  • Early Decay Of Tooth
  • Chewing leaves small particles in tooth that forms bacteria and plaque, it harms enamel and gums, which leads to decay of tooth.
  • Gum slump
  • Chewing leads to decomposing of gums, the gums get infected and the grip on tooth loosens which exposes the sensitive area of tooth.
  • Bad Breadth
  • There is nothing as bad as bad breadth of a person; they are major turn off for people around them. The long-term habit of chewing and spitting is unacceptable and looks indecent.
  • Affects Eating Habit
  • Eating habit of people who chews tobacco tends to be unhealthy, continuous chewing affects the taste bud and the sensitivity of them decreases. This leads to an increase in intake of more salt, sugar and spices in food as he feels a bland taste in his mouth.
  • Lung Cancer
  • Chewing tobacco leads to oral cancer but it is not the end of it can spread the disease in lungs and linings of stomach.
  • Oral Cancer
  • Continuous chewing process leaves infectious juices on tooth and lips. These develop in white patches that can be considered as an early symptom of oral cancer.

  • STREET NAMES
  • Butts
  • Coffin Nails
  • Fags
  • Snuff
  • Chew
  • Nicotine
  • Chaw
  • Stogies
  • Skag
  • Gasper
  • Pill
  • Dog Turd

  • SHORT TERM EFFECTS
  • · Rapid absorption of the stimulant nicotine through the mouth into the bloodstream.
  • · Increased heart rate and blood pressure
  • · Constricted blood vessels
  • · Addiction to nicotine
  • · Reduced physical performance and/or productivity.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF USE
Bad breath
Discoloration of teeth
Rotting of gums

HEALTH HAZARDS
Oral Cancer
Erodes Teeth
Lung Cancer
Rotting of Gums
Loss of Teeth

Kestin Merrit

STATISTICS
In 2008, nearly 71 million Americans age 12 and older had used a tobacco product at least once in the month prior to being surveyed.
3.5% of 8th graders, 5.0% of 10th graders, and 6.5% of 12th graders had used smokeless tobacco at least once in the month prior to being surveyed

    • Adam
    • B-bombs
    • Clarity
    • Disco Biscuit
    • E
    • Hug Drug
    • Love Drug
    • Scooby Snacks
    • Speed for Lovers
    • XTC
Long Term Effects:

    • Depression
    • Anxiety
    • Paranoia
    • Cataconic Syndrome

    • Sleeplessness
    • Tremors
    • Convulsions
    • Violent Behavior
    • Disorientation

    • increased heart rate, body temperature, blood pressure and confidence
    • Nausea
    • Anxiety
    • Feelings of well-being
    • Sweating
    • Loss of appetite

    • Convulsions
    • Tremors
    • High Blood Pressure
    • Breathing problems
    • Hallucinations
    • Death
    • Racing heart
    • Fainting

    1. 10% of teens say that they have been to a rave, and Ecstasy was available at more than two-thirds of these raves
    2. Among 12th graders, Ecstasy use rose from 5.6% in 1999 to 8.2% in 2000, and for the first time, 8th graders showed increased rates in their use of Ecstasy as well.
    3. By age group, the heaviest use (5 percent or 1.4 million people) was reported for those between 18 and 25 years old.
    4. An estimated 1.5 percent (3.4 million) of Americans has used MDMA at least once during their lifetime.
    5. Among 12th graders, the perceived availability of MDMA rose from 40.1 % in 1999 to 51.4 % in 2000.
    6. Since 2001, the percentage of 8th graders who have ever tried MDMA dropped from 5.2 percent in 2001 to 2.2 percent in 2009.

http://www.acde.org/common/ecstasy.htm
http://www.justice.gov/dea/concern/mdma.html
http://teens.drugabuse.gov/facts/facts_xtc1.php





Yaryna Zhukovskaya
Alcohol Abuse



Signs and Symptoms of Use
-Having a drink in secrecy or alone, hiding it in unusual places.
-Inability to control the amount being consumed.
-Having frequent "blackouts."
-Not being able to remember conversations, commitments, or actions that took place under the influence.
-Tendency to drink for experiencing feelings of being normal.
-When NOT drinking, having symptoms of nausea, sweating, tremors or shaking.
-Disturbed or loss in sleep.
-Extreme changes in personality.

Health Hazards with Use
-It can lead to increased chances of damage to heart muscles.
-Cardiac arrest.
-High blood pressure.
-Erectile dysfunction.
-Fetal alcohol syndrome (birth defect).

Short Term Effects on Body
-Stupor.
-Hangover.
-Nausea.
-Blackouts.
-Poor coordination.

Long Term Effects on Body
-Brain damage (Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome).
-Breast, throat, esophagus and mouth cancer.
-Gastritis.
-Inflammation of the pancreas.
-Weight gain.

Current Status and Trends of Use
-The World Health Organization estimates that about 76 million people throughout the world suffer from alcohol-related disorders.
-According to recent studies, it has been discovered that approximately 53% of adults in the United States have been reported that one or more of their close relatives has a drinking problem.
-The overwhelming majority of youth (74% of 8-17 year olds) cite their parents as the primary influence in their decisions about whether they drink alcohol or not.
-Problem drinkers are mostly found in young adults between the ages of 18 and 29. The age group with the fewest alcohol problems is adults who are 65 years old or older.
-In the United States, research has demonstrated that continued alcohol abuse is one of the major risk factors for violence in intimate relationships.
-50% of U.S. homicides are alcohol related.
-40% of U.S. assaults are alcohol related.

For More Information...
- �41�http://www.epigee.org/mental_health/alcoholism.html
- �43�http://helpguide.org/mental/alcohol_abuse_alcoholism_signs_effect_treatment.html
- �45�http://ww.niaaa.nih.gov/FAQS/General-English/
- �47�http://www.adolescent-substance-abuse.com/

Faith Pizzey
Roofies

Street Names:
· R-2
· Mexican Valium
· Rophies
· Roofies
· Circles
· Roche
· Forget-Me Pills
Health Hazards:

· amnesia
· low blood pressure
· drowsiness
· dizziness
· confusion
· upset stomach
· Assault or sexual assault

Short Term Effects:

· sedative-hypnotic effects
· muscle relaxation
· amnesia
· dependence
· Incapacitate victims
· Decreased blood pressure
· Drowsiness
· Visual disturbances
· Dizziness
· Confusion
Long Term Effects:

· Stomach, intestine, and urinary problem
· Physical dependence and addiction
· Death, especially when mixed with alcohol or other central nervous system depressants
Signs and Symptoms of use
· Sedation
· Intoxication
· Gastrointestinal disturbances
· Inability to remember events while under the influence
· Confusion
· Urinary retention
· drowsiness
· dizziness
· Visual impairments
Current Trends:

    • The drug is continually abused at raves, all night parties, and clubs
    • 1.1% of eigth graders, 1.5% of tenth graders, and 1.7% of twelfth graders reported using the drug at least once in their lives.

For More info
HTTP://WWW.JUSTICE.GOV/DEA/CONCERN/R.HTML\
HTTP://WWW.TRECASAFE.ORG/NEWS.HTML
http://www.poisoncentertampa.org/resources/1/substances/roofies.pdf


Joel Saner- Marijuana
a.) Common Names and Street Names of substance:

· Grass
· Bush
· Dope
· Dry high
· Herb
· Mary Jane
· Joint
· Pot
· Puff
· Reefer
· Weed
b.) Signs and Symptoms of Use:
· Relaxation
· Hunger
· Vivid sights
· Dry eyes/mouth
· Hallucinations
· Poor coordination
· Anxiety
· Panic
· Paranoia
c.) Short Term Effects:
· Problems with memory and learning
· Distorted perceptions
· Trouble with thinking
· Loss of coordination
· Anxiety
d.) Long Term Effects:
· Cancer
· Breathing Problems
e.) Health Hazards:
· It effects the Brain
· Lungs
· Heart rate and blood pressure
· Learning and Social behavior
f.) Current Stats of Use:
· Nearly 69 million Americans over the age of 12 have tried marijuana at least once.
· The average age of first experimenting with marijuana was 14 years old.
· Among 12th-graders, nearly 50 percent have tried marijuana at least once and about 24 percent were current users.
· Other researchers have found that use of marijuana and other drugs usually peaks in the late teens and early twenties, then declines in later years.
g.) Web Sites to Help Inform and Educate the Public
· http://www.drugs.com/marijuana.html




Sara Seeger- Smoking (Cigarettes)

Common Names: Smokes, Cigs, Butts, Nicotine, Tobacco, Square, Nail, Ciggy, Stogs, Stoggies, Cancer Sticks, Heaters, Mokers, Grits, and Loosey

Short Term Effects:
-Shortness of Breath
-Nagging Cough
-Bad Breath
-Dizziness
-Nausea
-Premature Skin Aging
-Narrowed Arteries
-Difficulty Sleeping
-Migraines
-Smell/Odor
-Reduced Appetite
-Stained Teeth and Fingers
-Increased Heart Rate and Blood Pressure
-Pain and Burning in Throat and Lungs

Long Term Effects:
-Artery Damage
-Vision Problems
-Less Ability to Taste and Smell
-Shortens Life
-Lung Damage
-Bad Circulation
-Low Bone Density
-Slower Ingury Healing
-Possible Permanent Nasal Congestion

Health Hazards:
Heart Disease, Aneurysms, Bronchitis, Emphysema, COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disorder), Stroke, Pneumonia, Coronary Disease, Gum Disease, Lung Cancer, Throat Cancer, Mouth Cancer, Cervical Cancer, Bladder Cancer, Larynx Cancer,Cancer of the Pancreas, and Cancer of the Kidneys.

Withdrawal Systems:
Tingling in Hands and Feet, Sweating, Intestinal Disorders, Headaches, Cold Systems, Depression, Anxiety, Irritability, Restlessness, Impatience, Anger, Insomnia, Temper Tantrums, Intense Needs, State of near Paralysis, Mental Confusion, Vagueness, and Difficulty Concentrating.

Statistics:
-Smoking is classified as the most preventable death
-Smoking related diseases cause estimated 440,000 American deaths yearly
-80% of smokers begin before age 19
-Smoking causes more then 1 in 5 deaths
-Over 50,000 deaths are caused by second hand smoke yearly
-75% of cases of Coronary heart Disease are caused by cigarettes
-Smoking kills more then aids, drugs, homocides, fires, and car accidents combined
-Smoking is the #1 cause of Heart Disease
-Smoking causes 445 new cases of Lung cancer every day
-Smoking causes 87% of Lung Cancer Deaths
-6,000 people under 18 pick up smoking every day
-Every year 800,000 people become smokers
-1 in 5 teens between 13 and 15 smoke
-Ove 4 in 5 smokers want to quit
-Cigarettes are the most heavily advertised products in the U.S.
-An estimated 25.5 million men and 22.6 million women are smokers
-Every 72 secondsm someone dies of the effects of smoking

Help sites:
�1428�http://www.smokefree.gov
�1429�http://www.notobacco.org
�1430�http://www.BecomeAnEX.org



Cody Gunhus
Steroids:
DESCIPTION: Most anabolic steroids are synthetic substances similar to the male sex hormone testosterone. They are taken orally or are injected. Some people, especially athletes, abuse anabolic steroids to build muscle and enhance performance. Abuse of anabolic steroids can lead to serious health problems, some of which are irreversible.
Street Names: Juice, gym candy, pumpers, stackers
Effects: Major effects of steroid abuse can include liver damage; jaundice; fluid retention; high blood pressure; increases in "bad" cholesterol. Also, males risk shrinking of the testicles, baldness, breast development, and infertility. Females risk growth of facial hair, menstrual changes, male-pattern baldness, and deepened voice. Teens risk permanently stunted height, accelerated puberty changes, and severe acne. All users, but particularly those who inject the drug, risk infectious diseases such as HIV/AIDS and hepatitis. Once steroids has taken affect, it will decrease the amount of cartilage on the bones.
Statistics and Trends: The NIDA-funded 2008 Monitoring the Future Study showed that 0.9% of 8th graders, 0.9% of 10th graders, and 1.5% of 12th graders had abused anabolic steroids at least once in the year prior to being surveyed. In the past year, between 5 to 7 percent of Major League Baseball players tested positive in using steroids.
Anabolic steroids are synthetic versions of testosterone, the body’s natural sex hormone. They assist athletes by facilitating efforts to gain strength and muscle mass for increased muscular endurance, power and speed.

Male hormones such as testosterone and its metabolite di-hydrotestosterone are responsible for the developmental changes that occur within the male body through adolescence. Steroids possess both androgenic and anabolic properties. Some of the androgenic effects include changes in sexual characteristics such as shrinking of the testicles, hair growth on the body and face, hair loss on the scalp, and increased aggressiveness. Athletes are primarily concerned with the anabolic characteristics of steroids including accelerated development of the muscles, connective tissues, bones, and red blood cells.
Though the stimulus provided during weight training is necessary for maximum muscle development, steroids possess the inherent ability to build muscle with or without such training.

By increasing the user’s endurance, they help athletes train much harder, for longer periods of time, and accelerate muscle recovery. This allows the athlete to make continued progress at a rate far beyond normal capacity.

Because anabolic steroids are derivatives of the male hormone testosterone, their use potentially decreases natural testosterone secretion. Once the body senses and registers the presence of steroids, it responds by ceasing natural testosterone production. Similarly, discontinuation of steroid use causes the body to re-initiate its own production of testosterone. However, there is a significant delay between these events, during which steroid abusers tend to rapidly lose strength and size. At this time many employ ancillary products to bridge this gap and retain gains .
�106�www.si.com
�107�www.drugabuse.gov
�108�http://www.steroidabuse.com/how-anabolic-steroids-work.html

Jessica Bowen

Heroin

Dragon, Dope, White Lady, Black Tar, Smack, Snow, & H

Depending on the area where the heroin is purchased, it will look different:
West Coast: Usually a sticky, black tar
East Coast: Most often a fine white powder

*Heroin in powder form that has a brownish color is most likely cut (or mixed) with another substance or drug and is impure and highly dangerous*

~Made from the dried milk

of the opium poppy~

How it’s used:
Smoking
Snorting
Injecting (most common)

Short Term Effects (Signs/Symptoms of Use):
· “high” or feeling of euphoria
· Central nervous system/heart rate slows
· Breathing slows
· Vomiting
· Dry mouth
· Blood pressure drops
· Sudden warmth
· Extremities (hands and feet) feel heavy
· Constant fluxuation between drowsiness and alertness
· Unconsciousness
· Dilated pupils

Withdrawal Symptoms:

· Uneasiness
· Tremors
· Runny nose
· Diarrhea
· Weight loss
· Abdominal cramps
· Goose bumps
· Yawning
· Severe flu-like symptoms

Long Term Effects:

· “Track marks”
· Heart/Lung failure
· Immune system is compromised (become very susceptible to illness)
· Liver disease
· Pneumonia
· Repeated needle use can lead to collapsed veins
· Use of dirty or shared needles can lead to infectious diseases (HIV/AIDS, Hepatitis)
· If used while pregnant, heroin can either cause spontaneous abortion or the child will be born dependent on the drug

Statistics:
According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC)
· The number of teenagers who have admitted to using heroin before has dropped from 3.1% in 2001 to 2.4% in 2009
According to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH)
· 29.7% of 12th graders say that they have easy access to heroin, should they wish to buy some
· 3.8 million people sya that they have tried heroin at least once in their lifetimes
· 560,000 people used heroin in 2008
· The average age among recent first-time heroin users is 20.7
· Approximately 115,000 people try heroin for the first time every year.
· In 2009, heroin (and its various forms) accounted for 51% of accidental drug-related deaths.

Help Sites:
- www.holisticdrugrehab.com
- www.heroinaddiction.com
- www.heroinhelp.com